Jiangsu province, abbreviated as Su, is the most important economic province of China. The capital city of Jiangsu is Nanjing, the old national capital of China. Jiangsu as a name is sourced from the combination of first characters of the old Jiangning Prefecture and Suzhou Prefecture.|
In geography, Jiangsu is divided into Southern Jiangsu province, Middle Jiangsu province and Northern Jiangsu province. The southern area is the most prosperous part interlinked to Anhui province, Zhejiang province and Shanghai. The middle area is the less developed area, and the northern part is the most underdeveloped area in Jiangsu province centralized in Xuzhou connected with northern Anhui province, southern Shandong province and southeast Henan province. Three main rivers, Yangtze River, Huai River and Peking-Hangzhou Grand Canal, cross the region, except the old waterways of Yellow River. Several large lakes of China are situated here, namely, Taihu Lake, Yangcheng Lake, Hongze Lake, Luoma Lake and Weishan Lake. In a larger scope, Jiangsu province borders on the Yellow Sea and Pacific Ocean.
For the administrative cities, there are 13 cities in Jiangsu province respectively Nanjing, Suzhou, Changzhou, Wuxi, Zhenjiang, Nantong, Yangzhou, Yancheng, Huaian, Suqian, Xuzhou, Lianyungang and Taizhou. Jiangsu province, Zhejiang province and Shanghai form one of top six urban agglomerations throughout the world. It is officially entitled Yangtze River Delta Urban Agglomeration. The comprehensive development of Jiangsu province in politics, culture, history, economy and so on ranks the first place all over the China.
In history, in the primitive period of Xia, Shang and Zhou Eras, Jiangsu was divided into several tribes and vassal states. In the period of Spring and Autumn (770BC-476BC), it was ruled by Qi, Lu, Song, Wu and Chu States. In Qin Dynasty (221BC-207BC), the system of prefectures and counties was established. The southern part was administrated by Kuaiji Prefecture, The north part were administrated by Donghai Prefecture and Sishui Prefecture
In Han Dynasty (202BC-220), it was respectively administrated by Yangzhou prefecture in southern part and Xuzhou prefecture in northern part. In Three Kingdoms Period(220-280), it was divided into two parts, respectively ruled by Wei Kingdom and Wu Kingdom. During the period of Southern and Northern Dynasties (420-589), China suffered the incidents of Five Ethnic Groups Disordered China, and The Turmoil of Yongjia, a large population moved to southern China, and Jiangsu was the largest area that these migrants settled down. Since Sui Dynasty unified China, there were several prefectures established in Jiangsu province – Suzhou, Changzhou, Jiangzhou, Runzhou, Yangzhou, Fangzhou, Chuzhou, Pizhou, Sizhou, Haizhou and Xuzhou.
In Tang Dynasty(618-907), China was divided into ten local prefectures, which was named Dao(道), and Jiangsu province was jointly administrated by Henan Dao, Huainan Dao and Jiangnan Dao. In Song and Yuan Dynasties (960-1368), Jiangsu province was basically administrated by several independent local prefectures.
In Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Nanjing was the national capital city, and later became the auxiliary capital after Yongle Emperor moved the capital city to Beijing, and it administrated roughly today’s Jiangsu province, Anhui province and Shanghai. In Qing Dynasty (1616-1911), the former administration of Nanjing was cancelled. Alternatively, Jiangnan province was established. In 1667, Jiangnan province was divided into Jiangsu province and Anhui province. The capital city of Jiangsu was Nanjing. This was the beginning of Jiangsu province. In 1927, Nanjing was selected as the capital city of the Republic of China.
In education, Jiangsu is a quite famous center of education, especially the higher education, and lots of prestigious universities and national key universities are located here such as Nanjing University, Southeast University, China University of Mining and Technology, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing Normal University and so on.
In culture, Jiangsu as a special region that humankind appeared here approximately 500,000 years ago has a long-standing history and time-honored culture. It basically consists of Wu Culture (centering on Suzhou), Jinling Culture (centering on Nanjing), Weiyang Culture (centering on Yangzhou), Xuhuai Culture (centering on Xuzhou) and Oceanic Culture (centering on Lianyungang). Additionally, the Kunqu Opera, Guqin Art, Gaoyou Folk Song, Suzhou Folk Songs, Nanjing Yunjin Embroidery, Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structures，Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of China and China engraved block printing technique and Paper-cut Art are the representative items to show the glory of culture in Jiangsu province.
In the aspects of heritage and tourist attractions, Jiangsu province has 4 world heritage sites, 9 intangible cultural heritage sites, 15 national five-A scenic areas, more than 100 four-A scenic areas, two national tourist holiday resorts, two national Geoparks, 3 national nature reserves, 16 national forest parks, 4 national key scenic areas, 11 national historic and cultural cities, 19 national historic and cultural towns, 28 national excellent tourist cities and 120 key cultural relics under the national protection. The representatives are Suzhou Classical Gardens, Taihu Lake Scenic Area, Nanjing Qinhuai River Scenic Area, Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Scenic Area, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, Slender West Lake, Jiangnan Water Towns and Xuzhou Mausoleums of Han & Chu Kingdoms. For more information and tourist attractions introduction, please go to the related pages of city attractions.
For cuisine culture, the food of Jiangsu is one of eight types of cuisines in China. The food of Jiangsu province mainly consists of Huaiyang Cuisine, Jinling Cuisine, Xuhai Cuisine and Suxi Cuisine. Among them, the Huaiyang cuisine is the most famous one, and one of China’s four most famous cuisines, and the other three are Shandong Cuisine, Sichuan Cuisine and Canton Cuisine. Huaiyang Cuisine formed in the period of Spring and Autumn, and flourished in Sui and Tang Dynasties and popular in Ming and Qing Dynasty. It boasts the No.1 Delicacy of Southeast China.
Hereinafter is the map of Jiangsu Province, you can click the map itself to see a larger one:
The Map of Jiangsu Province, and the main tourist destinations are vividly marked
Shanghai Travel Guide
Beijing City Tours