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China Grand Canal Museum (Hangzhou Grand Canal) Travel Guide


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Hangzhou is the southernmost end of Grand Canal, and also the most dynamic and alive section. Hangzhou Grand Canal is well preserved and developed and still plays an important role in waterway transportation and city transportation. For tourism, Hangzhou largely promotes this time-honored historic site, and relevant valuable tours are also widely popular and welcomed. How to understand the significance of Grand Canal in history of China, it is quite necessary to learn some basic knowledge about this site.

Let us give a brief introduction on this longest historic site of China on the water. Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal was opened partially in the period of Spring and Autumn as well as the Warring Periods, and thoroughly connected between the south and north in the period ranging from Sui Dynasty to Yuan Dynasty. The total length is 1,794 kilometers. It is the oldest canal around the world and still plays the role of waterway as well.

Hangzhou Grand Canal is located on the south of Hangzhou Grand Canal Culture Square and abuts the Gongchen Bridge, the south endpoint of China Grand Canal. The investment of China Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Museum(中国京杭大运河博物馆) establishment is more than 100 million RMB. The whole museum is comprised of four parts: The Opening and Changes of Grand Canal, The Utilization of Grand Canal, The Cities of Grand Canal and Culture of Grand Canal. Currently, there are thousands of cultural relics and historic files exhibited and thoroughly exhibit the role and status of Grand Canal in history of China. The museum was officially opened on October 1, 2007, and the name was inscribed by Qiao Shi(乔石), a famous political leader of China Communist Party. Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Museum is China’s only themed museum with the time-honored Grand Canal.

The First Exhibition Hall themed with the figure statues and historical pictures, and it displays the primitive period of Grand Canal, and the highlighted article is an excavated bronze dagger of periods of Spring and Autumns. It is the oldest article collected in China Grand Canal Museum. The Second Exhibition Hall embodies the Utilization of Grand Canal. The displaying articles are connected with the water transportation. The most valuable article is an official vessel(官斛) of Suzhou authorities in Qing Dynasty. The Third Exhibition Hall is a mini-show of riverside cities of Grand Canal. The Fourth Exhibition Hall is themed with Culture of Grand Canal. The highlights of this hall show the specialties of cities along the Grand Canal like Langzhuang Miansu, Yangzhou paper-cut and Wuxi clay figurines. These are all the historic heritage and exhibitions of China Grand Canal Culture.

China Grand Canal Museum is not a simple but a significant museum. It thoroughly shows the natural characteristics and cultural quintessence of Grand Canal, and also plays the role of research and exhibition center of collections of Grand Canal Cultural Relics and Historical Documents. In the meantime, together with Grand Canal Culture Square, It is also the comprehensive travel service center of Grand Canal travel hub.

Additionally, in the whole historic zone of Gongchengqiao, Grand Canal Museum is one of several themed museums apart from China Umbrella Museum, China Fan Museum, China Scissors, Knives and Swords Museum. But, it really deserves a visit. Today, Grand Canal of China has been inscribed into the tentative list of world cultural heritage sites. In the whole feudalistic history, China Grand Canal indeed contributed a lot to the unification and south-north integration of China Empire.

grand canal museum
grand canal museum
grand canal museum

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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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