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Hangzhou Fuchun River Introduction


 

Fuchun River(富春江) located in middle region of Zhejiang province is the well known name of the part of Qiantang River from Tonglu County to Wenjiayan of Xiaoshan District. In 1982, Fuchuan-Xinan Rivers Scenic Area together was approved to be written into the first batch of National Scenic Areas. The river connects the Hangzhou West Lake and Huangshan Mountain of Anhui Province. Fuchun River, Three Gorges Area of the Yangtze River and Guilin Lijiang River are together called as the three most famous river sightseeing routes in China. The total length of Fuchun River is 110 kilometers, and there is a gorge section nearby Lucibu(芦茨埠). Actually, this is the upper reach of Qiantang River. The farther you travel up along the river, the greener the water becomes just like a green bend zigzagging among mountains and peaks.


The picturesque view of Little Three Gorges Area of Fuchun River Scenic Area in Hangzhou


The Highlights of Fuchun River Scenic Area

Fuchun River is nationally and even world famous for a classical painting named Fuchun Shanjutu(富春山居图, Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains). This is the most representative ink-and-wash painting of Huang Gongwang (1269-1354), one of the "four great masters of the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1369). Based on the landscape of the Fuchun River, where Huang lived in his twilight years, Huang took three years to finish it. This painting was widely known among elites. Since then, Fuchun River becomes a symbol of ideal living site of elites and artists. There is a great prose depicting the beauty of Fuchun River. It is named Yu Zhu Yuansi Shu(与朱元思书, a letter to Zhu Yuansi), created by Wu Jun(吴均, 469-520,a famous historian and litterateur in South & North Dynasties), and it enlarged the fame throughout the country. The original of the text as below:

风烟俱净,天山共色。从流飘荡,任意东西。自富阳至桐庐一百许里,奇山异水,天下独绝。水皆缥碧,千丈见底。游鱼细石,直视无碍。急湍甚箭,猛浪若奔。夹岸高山,皆生寒树。负势竞上,互相轩邈;争高直指,千百成峰。泉水激石,泠泠作响;好鸟相鸣,嘤嘤成韵。蝉则千转不穷,猿则百叫无绝。鸢飞戾天者,望峰息心;经纶世务者,窥谷忘反。横柯上蔽,在昼犹昏;疏条交映,有时见日。

The Fuchun River has two sections, the upper reaches from Tonglu to Meicheng Ancient Town in Jiande City and the lower reaches from the Wenjia Weir to Tonglu. The most beautiful scenery in the river lies in the upper reaches and the section stretches 23 kilometers from the Wushi Pass at Meicheng Town of Jiande City to the Fuchun River Hydroelectric Power Station. It is characterized by lofty hills, limpid stream, long history and tranquil environment. The major scenic sights along the river are Crane Hill (Heshan), Heavenly Prince Ridge (Tianzigang), Tongjun Hill, Fishing Terrace of Yan Ziling, an Eastern Han Dynasty official who once sought seclusion in Fuchun River area, Calabash Waterfall (Hulupubu) and Double Pagodas Piercing Clouds (Shuangtalingyun). Crane Hill, so named because a rock down the hill resembles a crane, is enshrouded in green trees. A tower, called the First Tower in the Fuchen River area, stands on the hillside facing the river and commands a good view of the river where junks are sailing along and birds flying over the water. Tongjun Hill rises abruptly on the riverside with a pagoda erected in the green woods on the hill. The hill appears quite lofty when looked up at from a boat on the river.

Also, generally, the tourist attractions of Fuchun River are made up of three parts- the east section highlighted with Qililong Scenic Zone and Fuchun River National Forest Park, and the specific tourist sites including Yanling Wengu(严陵问古), Zixu Yedu(子胥野渡), Qili Yangfan(七里扬帆), Hulu Feipu(葫芦飞瀑) and son. They mostly have been mentioned above. They are the natural sightseeing center of Fuchun River Scenic Area. The south section highlighted with the culture-based sites like the Lingqi Dongtian(known as the underground art palaces), Daciyan(Jiangnan Hanging Temple), China’s first natural standing Buddha and so on. The west section is highlighted with Xinan River Hydroelectric Power Station (known as the East China’s Pearl), Thousand Islands Lake and Good Luck Island.


The ancient painting of Fuchun Shanju Tu (富春山居图) themed with the landscape of Fuchun River Scenic Area. This is a classic painting created in Yuan Dynasty, and divided into two parts, due to the history of modern China, and respectively collected in Beijing Imperial Palace Museum and Taipei National Palace Museum. And a themed movie with Fuchun Shanju is also played.


The Little Three Gorges Area of Fuchun River

The highlight of the Fuchun River is the Little Three Gorges Area, which is comprised of the Wulong Gorge, the Zixu Gorge and the Hulu Gorge. Traditionally, the ancient elites highly spoke of the beauty of Fuchun River, especially this three gorges area, and considered that the best mountain-water sightseeing destination in the world is Fuchun River, and today’s people think it is not the Lijiang River but better than Lijiang River. The Little Three Gorges along the Fuchun River lure numerous visitors home and abroad for its fantastic mountains and water and unique characteristics. More than 1,000 poets in the past dynasties not only visited here but also left over 2,000 poems that have won universal praise. Therefore, the Little Three Gorges along the Fuchun River are also called as the Tour Route of Tang Poems in West Zhejiang. For the detailed information, there is listed below:

The Wulong Gorge was named after the pass formed by the winding Wulong Mountain that reaches the Fuchun riverside. In the gorge, precipitous hills stand on both sides, the water surface is quite narrow, and the river course has many blends. On the two sides there are the Lingshi Temple built in the early Five Dynasties Period (907-960), the Lingshan Peak and other scenic spots. The Zixu Gorge got its name for Wu Zixu fled from a calamity by taking a ferry here in the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC). On the two sides stand the Zixu Ferry, the Magnolia Garden, the Dragon Gate Ridge and the Lion Peak, etc. The Hulu (gourd) Gorge was named after its gourd-shaped terrain, and the river stretches itself through the green and luxuriant hills in this section, taking on enchanting scenery. In the gorge there are scenic spots like the Gourd-Shaped Bay, the Gourd-Shaped Waterfalls, the Peach Blossom Water Fall, and the Yan Ziling Angling Terrace.



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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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