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Hangzhou Guozhuang Garden Travel Guide


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Guozhuang Garden or Guo’s Villa originally was a private classical garden of Guo family in Hangzhou. Today, Guozhuang garden is one of classical gardens in Hangzhou and under the provincial level protection. Guozhuang garden, located on the Wolong bridge, Xishan Road, borders upon Quyuan Fenghe, one of ten most classical views of West Lake.

Initially named Duanyou Villa(端友别墅) built in 1907, it was a private garden of Song Ruipu(宋瑞甫), a businessman of Hangzhou, therefore, known widely to be Songzhuang, or Song’s Villa. During The Republic of China, it was sold to Kongfengchun Face Powder Makeup Store(孔凤春粉店) located in Hefang Street, And later, it was transferred to a Guo family from Fenyang, and the owner was Guo Shilin(郭士林), so it was named Fenyang Villa, and folk known to be Guozhuang. Moreover, a western residential mansion and the stone archway were built as the extension. In 1989. It was resurfaced, but the main gate still remains the engraved characters of Fen Yang Bie Shu(汾阳别墅).

In garden, the pavilions are built nearby the streams, and there are the dockyards and rockeries. In book of Jiangnan Garden Records(江南园林志), Guozhuang garden was commented highly. It was considered as the equivalence of Master of Nets Garden in Suzhou, and the most classical one among the gardens of Hangzhou. Chen Congzhou (陈从周), a famous classical garden expert of China and a professor of Shanghai Tongji University comment it that this garden learns a lot of from Suzhou classical gardens, furthermore, many sites are highlighted with the local views of Shaoxing.

The highlights of Guo’s villa is comprised of two parts, Jingxinju(静心居, the residence of tranquilizing heart) and Yijing Tiankai(一镜天开, the sky opens through a mirror). It belongs to a typical layout of front residence and rear garden. Jingxinju is the residential part, and the site of owners to reside in and meet friends. It is quite well furnished indoors. Yijing Tiankai is the part of garden. And it is themed with the water consisting several sites such as Xiangxue Fenchun(香雪分春, the spring divided by fragrant snow), Chengfeng Yaoyue(乘风邀月, taking wind to invite the moon), Liangyi Xuan(两宜轩, Double Good Pavilion) and Rumu Chunfeng(如沐春风, like a hair-washing in spring wind ). It is good site to review the traditional aesthetics of Hangzhou.

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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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