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Hangzhou Botanical Garden Travel Guide


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Hangzhou botanical garden is located in the northwest of Hangzhou west lake scenic area, exactly amid West Lake and Lingyin Temple. In 1956, it was officially built and serves as a scientific research institution of plants introduction and acclimatization. Currently, it has nine exhibition zones including classifications of plants, economic plants, bamboo plants, sightseeing plants, trees and natural gardens, as well as four test zones. Today, it has over 300 kinds of plants and a collection of over 50,000 kinds of plant samples

The Sightseeing Highlights in Hangzhou Botanical Garden

hangzhou botanical garden
Gateway to botanical garden Hangzhou
hangzhou botanical garden
Taking a photo of plum blossom

Lingfeng Tanmei(灵峰探梅, viewing the plum flowers in spiritual peak) - is a classic scenes of West Lake as well. the center of this scene is today’s wintertime plum garden(腊梅园), which is situated on the southwest side of Lingfeng scenic area(灵峰景区), the kinds of plums available here including wintertime plums, wintertime plums blooming in summertime, bright-leaf wintertime plums and so on. The sub-kinds of wintertime plums are the largest. There are more than 30 kinds gathered from Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces.

Lingfeng Peak or Spiritual Peak is a famous traditional site to view plums in history of China. The ancient plums and the ancient temples make this site in an atmosphere of peace, beauty and Zen. Today, it is the most popular destination for citizens to see plum blossoms in downtown Hangzhou.

Traditionally, the plum blossom is the sign of the upcoming spring, and ranks one of ten Chinese traditional flowers, and one of four favorite plants of well-educated people or elites(君子四友, four friends of junzi, comprised of pine, bamboo, plum and orchid). Traditionally, people prefer planting the plums, viewing the plums and writing themed poems to highly praise the valuable aspects of plums such as patience, perseverance and so on. Also, the five petals of the plum are symbolized to be happiness, joy, longevity, success and peace, all of which are the details of Wu Fu(五福, five blessings) in traditional value of China.

Lingfeng Tanmei as a classic scene of West Lake Scenic Area was reopened in 1988 after an obvious reconstruction. In ancient Hangzhou, it was one of three most famous sites to view plum blossoms. In accordance with the historical record, a Buddhist temple named Jiufeng Chansi(鹫峰禅寺)was built in the reign of Wuyue Kingdom, a southeast state in China’s period of Five Dynasties, and up to Northern Song Dynasty, it was imperially changed to be Lingfeng Temple. In late Qing Dynasty, an official named Gu Qing(固庆) was fond of the special surroundings of Lingfeng Peak, and spent a lot resurfacing the temples and also planted hundreds of plums around the temple. Several years later, a plum forest appeared. The details of the history have been engraved onto a stele, which at present is located in Juyue Pavilion(掬月亭). Several years later, the temple and the plum forest was destroyed by warfare. Up to the early period of the 20th century, a scholar named Zhou Qingyun(周庆云) re-traveled Lingfeng and felt considerably pitiful of the declination of the temple. He requested some people to plant roughly 300 plums around the architecture, and additionally built a nunnery named Bumeian(补梅庵, the nunnery of adding plums), and he chose the birthday of Su Dongpo(苏东坡, a great soul in Chinese culture) to organize a party to chant and write themed poems. This is the second planting of plum in history. In 1986, it got the latest rebuilding and extension. By the way, there is another famous tourist destination in Hangzhou to view the plum blossom in winter. It is Chaoshan Scenic Area in Yuhang District, Hangzhou.

hangzhou botanical garden
A bicycle tour in botanical garden
Hangzhou deserves a try at weekend

Yuquan Yuyue(玉泉鱼跃, the jumping fishes at jade spring) - Yuquan or Jade Spring is one of three most famous springs in Hangzhou West Lake Scenic Area. Due to the crystal spring water looked like a great jade, it was named Jade Spring. In the past, there was a temple in front of the spring. This temple was Yuquan Temple or Jade Spring Temple originally built in Southern Song Dynasty. In Qing Dynasty, it was imperially named Qinglian Temple(清涟寺) by Emperor Kangxi, the most famous Emperor of Qing Empire. In the reign of Emperor Xianfeng, this temple was destroyed unfortunately. Today’s north garden of Jade Spring was rebuilt after 1949, and the south garden originally was a residential area, and in 2001, it was rebuilt to be the current garden. The mouth of the spring was firstly found in period of Southern Song Dynasty, approximately with a history of over 1400 years. It is a famous site for viewing the fishes. As early as Song Dynasty, the fishes have been raised here. During the anti-Japanese war (1931-1945), fishes was crucially caught and killed by Japanese short intruders. Today, the big fishes you see were raised after 1949. The longest fish is 1.5 meters and the heaviest fish is roughly 50 kilos.

Today, the site for viewing the fishes is also a cultural heritage. It follows a traditional value that “鱼乐人亦乐,泉清心共清”(The fishes are joyful with people together, The spring is clear with our hearts together). the tablet of Yue Le Guo(鱼乐国, the Kingdom of Fish Rejoices) was inscribed by Dong Qichang (董其昌), a great calligraphy and painting master of Ming Dynasty. The other highlighted sites also attractive like Ancient Pearl Spring, Pool of Sunny Sky and Drizzles, Also-Happy Garden, Fishing-Playing Pond, Qingle Hall, Biying Pavilion and Xianding Pavilion.

The Forest Park(森林公园) - located in Yuquan Hill Area with an area of 30.6 hectares. Established and opened in 1997. In the park, there are more than 80 kinds of plants, generally comprised of celebrities’ zone, young people’s activity zone, natural reserve, and Trees Park.

The Exhibition Zone of Plants(植物展览区)- is a large-scale exhibition of variety of plants including the sightseeing plants zone, economic plants zone and so on. The highlight of it is the sightseeing plants zone, which consists of lily magnolia & camellia park, cuckoo & maple tree park, sweet-scented osmanthus & lagerstroemia indica park, peach blossom park, lingfeng plum park, hundred-weed park, mountain & water park and bamboo plants zone.

hangzhou botanical garden
hangzhou botanical garden

 The Highlighted Attractions of Hangzhou

hangzhou lingyin temple huqingyutang traditional medicine museum of China hangzhou baopu taoist temple hangzhou baochu pagoda
Hangzhou Lingyin Temple Traditional Medicine Museum Baopu Taoist Temple Hangzhou Baochu Pagoda
liuhe pagoda hangzhou tea plantation xixi wetland impression west lake
Hangzhou Liuhe Pagoda Hangzhou Tea Plantation Xixi Wetland Park Impression West Lake

 The Travel Guide of Hangzhou

hangzhou travel hangzhou tours hangzhou attractions hangzhou travel tips
Hangzhou Travel Hangzhou Tours Hangzhou Attractions Hangzhou Travel Tips

Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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