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Home Hangzhou Attractions Ten Classic Views of West Lake Liulang Wenying

Liulang Wenying (Listening to Orioles Singing in the Willows) Introduction


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Liulang Wenying(柳浪闻莺, Listening to Orioles Singing in the Willows), as one of ten classic senses of west lake scenic area, is located on a lakeside zone from Qingbomen(清波门) to Yongjinmen(涌金门), a length roughly 1 kilometers. The total area of the site is over 200,000 square meters. It is built on the side of the lake and a large comprehensive garden for sightseeing and amusement. Liulang Wenying is one of ten classic views of Hangzhou West Lake. In spring, the most highlighted view of this site is the willows. The large scale of the willow forests and the great singing of the orioles are traditionally considered as the vitality of life and nature, and it is preferred by Chinese people in spring.

The history of Liulang Wenying can be dated back to Southern Song Dynasty. The typical tourist attractions built in Southern Song Dynasty include Xueshixiang(学士巷, the lane of xueshi, an official post in governmental system of ancient China), Wenshuiting(问水亭, the pavilion of asking water), Liuzhouting(柳洲亭, the pavilion of the willow isle), Jujingyuan(聚景园, the garden of gathering scenes, and it was the imperial garden at the time), Qianwangci(钱王祠, the memorial temple of King Qian), Xianlaodun(仙佬墩), Jixianting(集贤亭, the pavilion of gathering the talents) and Songcuilou(耸翠楼, the tower of green towering aloft). Up to Yuan Dynasty, a person of Muslim named A Lao Ding did a great contribution to the westward expedition of Emperor Shizu of Yuan Dynasty, and he built a mosque named Phoenix Mosque in Hangzhou. After he died, he was buried in mosque, and this area became the Muslim Tomb. In Qing Dynasty, Emperor Kangxi inscribed the name for this site, and the stele was erected here.

Today’s Liulang Wenying was resurfaced in 1951, including Wenying Garden, Jujing Garden, Friendship Garden, even some parts of the Yongjin Garden and Changqiao Garden are also the extension of this park. As a theme park with willow and orioles, there are diverse types of willows available in the garden like the Drunk Willow(醉柳), Lion Willow(狮柳) and Voile Washing Willow(洗纱柳). Today, the southeast side of the park is opened as a public site. It is the good site for people to take morning exercises and hold the festive ceremonies. In summer, it is a night party center, diverse of amateur dancing parties, singing parties or some free talk gatherings are available over here.

The typical theme poem written by Wan Dafu(万达甫, a poet of Ming Dynasty ) hereinafter:

柳阴深霭玉壶清-The pure heart and soul in deep mist and the shadow of the willows
碧浪摇空舞袖轻-the green tide up to the sky, and the dancers’ sleeves are so light
林外莺声啼不尽-The singing of the orioles never stop outside the forest
画船何处又吹笙-Where does the music on the cruises start again?

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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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