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Home Hangzhou Attractions Ten Classic Views of West Lake Sudi Chunxiao

Sudi Chunxiao (Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring) Introduction


 

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Sudi Chunxiao(苏堤春晓, Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring) ranks the first among ten classic scenes of the West Lake. It, translated to be Lord Su Causeway, named after Su Dongpo(苏东坡, who was the most famous governor and historic and cultural figure of Hangzhou in Song Dynasty, and also the most talented and great character of history and culture in China), is a broad levee crossing the whole scenic area of West Lake from south to north. Starting from the Nanping Hill in south to Qixia Peak in north, the whole causeway is approximately 3 kilometers long and the average width is 36 meters. In Northern Song Dynasty, Su Dongpo as the governor of Hangzhou city dredged up the west lake and built up a causeway with lake mud and marsh grass. Also, both sides of the causeway were planted the willow trees, peach trees, wistaria and lots of flowers and bushes. There are also six stone arch bridges with elegant names respectively in causeway, which are Yingbo Bridge, Suolan Bridge, Wangshan Bridge, Yadi Bridge, Dongpu Bridge and Kuahong Bridge. They are old but beautiful! The local of Hangzhou calls these bridges Liu Diao Qiao(Six Suspension Bridges, 六吊桥). Also in folk society, there is a theme song summarizing the landscape of Su Causeway: some willows, some peaches, west lake views on six suspension bridges.

The descendents named officially it Su Causeway in memory of Su Dongpo and his contributions to manage well the west lake. The whole long causeway like a rainbow lying on wave is connected with southern hills and northern hills, and it adds a unique landscape to West Lake. In Southern Song Dynasty, Sudi Chunxiao was listed to be the top of ten classic scenes of West Lake. In Yuan Dynasty, it was also called Liu Qiao Yan Liu (Misty Willows of Six Bridges, 六桥烟柳) and listed into the Ten Scenes of Qiantang, obviously, it was traditionally loved by people in different generations. On the southern side of Wangshan Bridge, it is the royal stele pavilion, in which the inscription of “苏堤春晓” written by Emperor Kangxi in Qing Dynasty is well preserved. After 1949, the six bridges were reconsolidated and broadened, and the balusters were all decorated with the folk traditional patterns in carving style of Qingtian, but it still keeps the original look.

Wandering on the causeway, in the surroundings of the misty willows, cozy spring wind and birds’ song, visitor can touch the real sense of beauty from Sudi Chunxiao. After a winter-long time, Su Causeway like a graceful spring messenger is the best place for visitors to appreciate the charm of West Lake in spring. Su Causeway. The picturesque view on both sides of the causeway really makes visitors travel in painting and romance.





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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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