MILDCHINA - ONLY FOR EAST CHINA TOURS                Jiangnan Travel Experts                About Us | Contact Us | Recommendation | Souvenir Shop | Testimonials

Jiangnan Guide Jiangnan Tour Shanghai Tour Guide & Car Service Hangzhou Tour Suzhou Tour Jiangnan Culture

Home Hangzhou Attractions Ten Classic Views of West Lake

Ten Classic Views of Hangzhou West Lake


 

hangzhou west lake travel map
tailor-made tour
Do you want to travel to this site?
Please let us design a tailor-made
tour for you, CLICK THE ICON

Ten classic scenes of West Lake Scenic Area are ten typical tourist sites located in different parts of West Lake in Hangzhou. In different phases of history, it changed partially or totally. The most popular is the oldest one firstly appeared in Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), and it is also the standard we follow to introduce them. Apart from Su Causeway, Bai Causeway and Yanggong Causeway, three highlights of scenes in West Lake, it generally includes

Sudi Chunxiao(苏堤春晓, Dawn on the Su Causeway in Spring)
Quyuan Fenghe(曲院风荷, Breeze-ruffled Lotuses at the Winding Garden)
Pinghu Qiuyue(平湖秋月, Autumn Moon over the Calm Lake)
Duanqiao Canxue(断桥残雪, Lingering Snow on the Broken Bridge)
Huagang Guanyu(花港观鱼, Viewing Fish at Flowers Harbor)
Nanping Wanzhong(南屏晚钟, Evening Bell Ringing at the Nanping Hill)
Shuangfeng Chayun(双峰插云, Twin Peaks Piercing the Clouds)
Leifeng Xizhao(雷峰夕照, Evening Sunglow at Leifeng Pagoda)
Santan Yinyue(三潭印月, Three Pools Reflecting the Moon)
Liulang Wenying(柳浪闻莺, Listening to Orioles Singing in the Willows) .

In Qing Dynasty, It had a vivid change from ten views to 18 views, even to 24 views. But ten classic views of Southern Song Dynasty were still the highlights. In 1985, a new ten views of West Lake appeared. However, it is just regionally remembered, and the classic one is also that of Southern Song Dynasty. Let us have a detailed introduction:

In Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), the classic ten views of Hangzhou West Lake were mostly located on the side of lake or in the lake. In accordance with some records of historical books like Fangyu Shenglan(方舆胜览) written by Song Zhumu(宋祝穆) in Southern Song Dynasty and Menglianglu(梦梁录) written by Wu Zimu(吴自牧) in Southern Song Dynasty, ten classic scenes of the West Lake appeared, but they were not so popular and accepted as today, and they mostly mentioned in some themed paintings with the landscapes of West Lake like Ma Yuan’s paintings on ten views of west lake, or some literary works in later period of Southern Song Dynasty.

hangzhou west lake travel

In Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), the ten classic views of the West Lake were revised. Some parts of the sites went beyond the real scale of the West Lake Scenic Area. They are respectively comprised of:

Liuqiao Yanliu(六桥烟柳, the misty willows of six bridges)
Jiuli Yunsong(九里云松, nine-mile pines in cloud)
Lingshi Qiaoge(灵石樵歌, magic rocks and woodcutter’s song)
Gushan Jixue(孤山霁雪, the paused snowing of solitary hill)
Beiguan Yeshi(北关夜市, the night fair of beiguan)
Geling Chaodun(葛岭朝暾, the site of geling hill to view the sunrise)
Zhejiang Qiutao(浙江秋涛, the autumn tides of qiantang river)
Lengquan Yuanxiao(冷泉猿啸, cold spring and howls of ape)
Liangfeng Baiyun(两峰白云, two peaks and white clouds)
Xihu Yeyue(西湖夜月, the nighttime moon of west lake).

In Ming Dynasty(1368-1644) , the ten classic views of Hangzhou West Lake still kept the tradition of Southern Song Dynasty in accordance with the book named Xihu Xunmeng(西湖寻梦, Dream Search in West Lake) written by Zhang Dai(张岱), in which there was a group of themed poems with ten views of West Lake

In Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), the ten views of Southern Song Dynasty were still kept. In 1699, during the visit of Emperor Kangxi, the views were partially changed in line with the personal understanding of Emperor Kangxi. Emperor Kangxi also inscribed for ten views, and the local governors carved them onto the steles and erected them near to the sites. Ten classic sites have been known and accepted widely since then.

hangzhou west lake travel

In the reign of Emperor Yongzheng of Qing Dynasty, Li Wei(李卫), the governor of Zhejiang province dredged up the West Lake, and then the ten classic views were increased to 18 sights, which was the historically famous eighteen scenes of the West Lake in Qing Dynasty . They were:

Hushan Chunshe(湖山春社, the spring society of lakes and hills)
Gongde Chongfang(功德崇坊, the honored archway for achievements and virtues)
Haixia Xishuang(海霞西爽, the sea glow seen from xishuang pavilion)
Meilin Guihe(梅林归鹤, the returned cranes from plum forest)
Yuzhao Qiurong(鱼沼秋蓉, autumn lotus and fishing pond)
Lianchi Songshe(莲池松舍, lotus ponds and pine rooms)
Baoshi Fengting(宝石凤亭, the view of laifeng pavilion on baoshi hill)
Tingwan Jishe(亭湾骑射, the riding and shooting at the bend of the lake)
Jiaoshi Mingqin(蕉石鸣琴, the guqin music in rocks and broadleaf plants )
Yuquan Yuyue(玉泉鱼跃, the jumping fishes at jade spring)
Fengling Songtao(凤岭松涛, the tide of pines at fenghuang hill)
Huxin Pingtiao(湖心平眺, a free view at the middle of lake)
Wushan Daguan(吴山大观, the grand view of wu hill)
Tianzhu Xiangshi(天竺香市, the temple fair of tianzhu temples)
Yunqi Fanjing(云栖梵径, the Buddhist path in yunqi)
Taoguang Guanhai(韬光观海, viewing the sea from taoguang temple)
Xixi Tanmei(西溪探梅, viewing the plums at xixi wetland park).

This is an absolute change from the original one in Southern Song Dynasty.

During the reign of Emperor Qianlong, he used to inscribe poem for each scene, and all the poems were all carved on the opposite side of the steles, and this was extensively known in China, hence, the ten classic views of the West Lake were considered as the representatives of West Lake Landscape. During the later period of his reign, there were 24 sites listed, and three of them were directly from the 18 scenes of Li Wei. They are:

hangzhou west lake travel

Hushan Chunshe(湖山春社, the spring society of lakes and hills)
Baoshi Fengting(宝石凤亭, the view of laifeng pavilion on baoshi hill)
, Yudai Qinghong(玉带晴虹,the jade belt and the sunny rainbow)
Wushan Daguan(吴山大观, the grand view of wu hill)
Meilin Guihe(梅林归鹤, the returned cranes from plum forest)
Huxin Pingtiao(湖心平眺, a free view at the middle of lake)
Jiaoshi Mingqin(蕉石鸣琴, the guqin music in rocks and broadleaf plants )
Yuquan Yuyue(玉泉鱼跃, the jumping fishes at jade spring)
Fengling Songtao(凤岭松涛, the tide of pines at fenghuang hill)
Tianzhu Xiangshi(天竺香市, the temple fair of tianzhu temples)
Taoguang Guanhai(韬光观海, viewing the sea from taoguang temple)
Yunqi Fanjing(云栖梵径, the Buddhist path in yunqi)
Xixi Tanmei(西溪探梅, viewing the plums at xixi wetland park)
Xiaoyou Tianyuan(小有天园,the site partially shows the heavenly garden)
Yiyuan Huting(漪园湖亭, the lake pavilion of Yiyuan garden)
Liuyu Shanju(留余山居, the villa on the Liuyu hill)
Huangling Juane(篁岭卷阿, Huangling hill looks like a grand mountain)
Yinxiang Bieye(吟香别业,The leisure villa of ode to fragrance)
Ruishi Gudong(瑞石古洞, Auspicious stone and ancient cave)
Huanglong Tucui(黄龙积翠, Yellow dragon cave dressed in green)
Xiangtai Puguan(香台普观, Overview on the platform of incense)
Chengguantai(澄观台, Platform of clarifying the sightseeing)
Liuhe Ta(六和塔, Six harmonies pagoda)
Shugu Tang(述古堂, Hall of reviewing the past)

In 1984, a large activity for getting a new version of ten top views of the West Lake in Hangzhou was launched together by news agency of Hangzhou Daily, Hangzhou Garden Cultural Relics Bureau, Zhejiang Television Station, Hangzhou Tourism Group, and Journal of Garden and Interests. This activity lasted over 8 months, and approximately more than 50,000 participants give a poll. The result was published on Sept.22, 1985

hangzhou west lake travel

Yuqi Zhujing(云栖竹径, Bamboo-lined path at yunqi)
Manlong Guiyu(满陇桂雨, Sweet osmanthus rain at manjuelong village)
Hupao Mengquan(虎跑梦泉, Dreaming of tiger spring at hupao valley)
Longjing Wencha(龙井问茶, Inquiring about tea at dragon well)
Jiuxi Yanshu(九溪烟树, Nine-creeks meandering through a misty forest)
Wushan Tianfeng(吴山天风, Heavenly wind over Wu hill)
Ruandun Huanbi(阮墩环碧, Ruangong is let submerged in green)
Huanglong Tucui(黄龙吐翠, Yellow dragon cave pressed in green)
Yuhuang Feiyun(玉皇飞云, Clouds hurrying over Yuhuang hill)
Baoshi Liuxia(宝石流霞, Precious stone hill floating in rosy cloud)

In 2007, the third time to get a new list of ten top scenes of the west lake. The time lasts for nine months; roughly over 340,000 people polled it. On Oct. 27, the result was officially issued on the opening ceremony of the ninth Hangzhou West Lake International Expo. They are:

Lingyin Chanzong(灵隐禅踪, The zen trace of lingyin temple)
Liuhe Tingtao (六和听涛, Listening to the tide of liuhe pagoda)
Yuemu Qixia(岳墓栖霞, Glow dwells in yuewang temple)
Hubin Qingyu(湖滨晴雨, The sunny and rainy lakeside scene)
Qianci Biaozhong (钱祠表忠, loyalty show in memorial of king qian)
Wansong Shuyuan (万松书缘, charm of book at wansong academy)
Yangdi Jingxing (杨堤景行, the broad yanggong causeway to show the great virtue)
Santai Yunshui (三台云水, the cloud and water of santai hill)
Meiwu Chunzao(梅坞春早, the spring earlier coming in meijiawu tea plantation)
Beijie Mengxun(北街梦寻, searching for dream on the beishan street)



Sudi Chunxiao Quyuan Fenghe Pinghu Qiuyue Duanqiao Canxue
Liulang Wenying Huagang Guanyu Leifeng Xizhao Shuangfeng Chayun
Nanping Wanzhong Santan Yinyue Su Causeway
(Extension)
Bai Causeway
(Extension)







 The Highlighted Attractions of Hangzhou

hangzhou lingyin temple huqingyutang traditional medicine museum of China hangzhou baopu taoist temple hangzhou baochu pagoda
Hangzhou Lingyin Temple Traditional Medicine Museum Baopu Taoist Temple Hangzhou Baochu Pagoda
liuhe pagoda hangzhou tea plantation xixi wetland impression west lake
Hangzhou Liuhe Pagoda Hangzhou Tea Plantation Xixi Wetland Park Impression West Lake


 The Travel Guide of Hangzhou

hangzhou travel hangzhou tours hangzhou attractions hangzhou travel tips
Hangzhou Travel Hangzhou Tours Hangzhou Attractions Hangzhou Travel Tips







Editor: Julius from Mildchina
All Rights Reserved, Illegal Duplication is Forbidden










Seeraa International About us | Contact us | Links | Sitemap | Privacy & Security | Cooperations | Terms & Conditions - 2010-2018 COPYRIGHT © MILDCHINA.COM
Mildchina with many years of history in China tourism industry professionally provides the services of Hangzhou and Shanghai private tours, and also offers the tour guides and
car service. More Accesses to Mildchina: Shanghai Private Tour, Hangzhou Private Tour, Jiangnan Tour, Jiangnan Travel Guide, Shanghai City Guide, Hangzhou City Guide
Suzhou City Guide, Tour Guide and Car Service, Jiangnan Attractions, Shanghai Attractions, Chinese Spirituality, China Tours, China Culture, China Attractions, China History
Copyright©Mildchina.com - The Milestone of Jiangnan Travel Service| China Travel Service & SEO and SMO| Welcome to Seeraa International - Twin Website of Mild China