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Home Hangzhou Attractions Hangzhou Xixi National Wetland Park

Hangzhou Xixi National Wetland Park Introduction


Hangzhou is a leisure city in China. Xixi National Wetland Park is a unique tourist destination for its rural landscape and the theme of reclusive culture. Located in the west of Hangzhou, Xixi National Wetland Park is only six kilometers away from Wulinmen, the city's center, and five kilometers from West Lake Scenic Area. It is the first national wetland park integrating the urban wetland, farming wetland and cultural wetland. It ranks one of the "Three Xi"(三西, three sites sharing the same character, Xi, West) in Hangzhou along with West Lake and Xiling Seal Society. In history, Xixi covered an area of about 60 sq km while presently the wetland under state protection is 11.7 sq km9+, including 8.35 sq km of the East Zone and 3.35 sq km of the West Zone, which are bordered by Wuchang Harbor. The park is densely crisscrossed with six main watercourses, with various ponds, lakes and swamps scattering among them. Xixi Wetland has an abundant cultural heritage, with its history of more than 1,800 years. It’s the original site of Chinese South Opera; it has a traditional Dragon Boat Contest; it contains the vivid life of a water village, featuring silkworm feeding and silk production.

Hangzhou Xixi National Wetland Park
The Map of Hangzhou Xixi National Wetland Park

Xixi national wetland park is famous for its natural and simple landscapes. People summarize its characters as: Coldness, Wildness, Simplicity and Elegance. Coldness is quietude indicating that it is a peaceful place in a noisy city. Wildness suggests nature and a primitive land in human world. Simplicity means returning to nature. Elegance suggests grace; you can feel the profound culture flavor here. Xixi creates a fairyland fresh and pure. The natural and human landscapes in Xixi are grouped into three causeways and ten sights: The three causeways are Causeway Fu, Causeway Lu and Causeway Shou. The ten sights are Qiuxue Hut, the best scenery of Xixi and the sight that can be reached by boat only; Water Mirroring Red Persimmons; Exhibition of Dragon Boat Culture; Lotus Flower Eco-Reserve Area, the main area for bird-watching; Charm of Hong's Villa, the living place of the Hongs, which fostered a group of celebrities; Boat-rowing in the Moonlight, Fog and Water Fishing Village, a tourist center when one can enjoy local delicacies; Xixi Plum Villa, home to more plum trees and famed for its plum blossoms; Gao's Villa, and Music Appreciation in Hezhu.

In the past, villagers once lived on the wetlands, planting mulberry and persimmon trees to hold the muddy banks together. Their livelihood consisted of rearing silkworms, growing mulberry trees for the silkworms’ food, silk weaving, selling persimmons, bamboo-made products and fishing. Visitors to the park can take a boat ride, stopping to view various exhibitions such as the houses where the villagers once stayed, silk weaving machines, and the magnificent dragon boats. During summer, Xixi National Wetlands Park holds celebrations for the Dragon Boat Festival, with dragon boat competitions at Deep Pond, which legend says is so deep that a dragon dwells there. Visitors can join in the fun and cheer the men on as they expertly race their ornamentally designed and decorated boats to the finishing line.

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Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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