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Home Huangshan Attractions Qiyun Taoist Mountain

Huangshan Qiyun Taoist Mountain Introduction


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Qiyun Mountain(齐云山, the mountain of as high as the cloud) is one of four most famous Taoist mountains in China , together with Longhu Mountain(龙虎山) in Jiangxi province, Wudang Mountain(武当山) in Hubei province and Heming Mountain(鹤鸣山) in Sichuan province. It is located in Huizhou district, Huangshan, roughly 15 kilometers away from downtown Xiuning County, Huizhou. The main peak is 585 meters high and the total scenic area covers approximately 100 square kilometers. In the scenic area, there are 36 unique peaks, 72 odd cliffs, together with the deep caves, pools, ravine and spring. A fantastic fairyland appears. In history, it together with Huangshan Mountain was widely known in Jiangnan region. In 1981, it was listed as the key provincial site, and was approved to be the national key scenic area by the State Council in 1994.

Anciently called Baiyue(白岳, the mountain of the white), Qiyun Taoist Mountain was the site for worshipping Zhenwu Dadi(真武大帝, a superior god in Taoism also known as Xuantian Shangdi, or Xuanwu Dadi, was said to be the earthly aspect of Taishan Laojun or Laozi), who was also called Zhenwu Dijun in classics of Taoism. Qiyun Mountain and Wudang Mountain were both the site to worship Zhenwu Dadi, and Qiyun Mountain boasts the Little Wudang Mountain of Jiangnan. During the reign of Yuanhe in Tang Dynasty, Taoism spread to Qiyuan Mountain. And in Song and Yuan Dynasties, the influence of Taoism was further consolidated. During the Jiaqing and Wanli reigns of Ming Dynasty, Zhang Tianshi, the successor of Zhang Daoling and his crown, followed the order of emperor to stay in Qiyun Mountain for spreading Taoism. Finally, it gradually becomes a center of Taoism in China. The Taoist building complex on the Qiyun Mountain centers on Xuantian Taisu Palace(玄天太素宫), which is located on Yuehua Street and originally built due to the order of Emperor Jiajing in Ming Dynasty.

Qiyun Mountain is close to Huangshan Mountain. Railway runs through the foot of Qiyun Mountain. A stone penetrates the sky, and it is as high as the clouds, hence, the name of Qiyun Mountain. It is a scenic area of mountain with the characteristics of Taoist culture and red morning and evening glow. Qiyun Mountain consists of 9 peaks, including the Qiyun Peak, Baiyue Peak, Qishan Peak, Wanshou Peak, etc. The scenic area is 110 square kilometers. Qiyun Mountain is famous for its steep mountain, clear water, oddly shaped stones and tranquil caves. The scenic spots include the Yuehua Street, the Yunyan Lake and the Loushang Building. Qiyun Mountain has 36 steep peaks, 44 oddly shaped stones, 18 tranquil caves, 27 waterfall caves of springs, 14 pools, 16 pavilions, 537 inscriptions and stone tablets, 3 stone decorated archways, 5 stone bridges and 33 temples and monasteries.

The Fascinating Places and Happy Lands(洞天福地, a classic term exclusively used in Taoism script) include three cliff inscriptions (inscriptions on the Qizhen Cliff, the Zhonglie Cliff and the Shouzi Cliff). As it is said, the Qizhen Cliff is the cultivation place of Qixia Immortal in the Tang Dynasty (618-907); the Zhonglie Cliff is the place used to fete the Guangong Immortal; and the Chinese character Shou (longevity) on the Shouzi Cliff is the handwriting of Dowager Empress Cixi of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The diameter of the large Chinese character Shou (longevity) is up to 230 centimeters. After going across the Shouzi Cliff, tourists can see and pass through a capacious stone cave that is completely formed by nature. The cave is a hollow under the Shouzi Cliff and it is known as the No. 1 Heaven Gate. There are many stone inscriptions and tablets in the cave, and they are called the Baiyue Stele Forest.

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The Taoist Temple Backing on the Red Cliff in Qiyun Taoist Mountain

Caves of Fairies and Immortals(真仙洞府). There are many caves under the cliffs. These caves are used to enshrine various statutes of immortals, including the Eight-Immortal Cave, the Yuantong Cave, the Arhat Cave, the Yujun Cave and the Wenchang Cave. The scenic spot of these caves is one of the most important parts of scenic spots of Qiyun Mountain. The statutes of Taoist eight immortals are enshrined in the Eight-Immortal Cave. The statue of Nanhai Kwan-yin Buddha is enshrined in the Yuantong Cave. The statue of the Zhenwu Dijun is enshrined in the Arhat Cave, and the statutes of the eighteen arhats are enshrined at both sides too. The statue of Dragon King is enshrined in the Yujun Cave. The statue of Wenqu Star is enshrined in the Wenchang Cave. From the immortal caves of Qiyun Mountain, we can obviously feel the combination of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. There are many stone inscriptions on the cliff of the immortal caves. Xianglu Peak is in front of the Taisu Palace of the Yuehua Street. The peak is tall and in the shape of an incense burner, so it is called as the Xianglu Peak (peak in the shape of incense burner).

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 The Travel Guide of Huangshan

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Huangshan Travel Huangshan Tours Huangshan Attractions Huangshan Travel Tips

Editor: Julius from Mildchina
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