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Qixia Temple (栖霞寺, The Temple of Sunglow Dwelling Mountain ) is located on the west mountainside of Qixia Mountain, Qixia District, Nanjing. Qixia Temple is one of China’s most famous Buddhist temples in China and the origin of the Buddhism’s Sanlunzong Branch (三论宗). In 1983, it was approved as the national key temple in Han Buddhism. In 2002, it was written into the list of cultural sites of Jiangsu province. The Sheli Pagoda in Temple was accepted as one of the cultural sites under the third batch of national key cultural sites protection list in 1988. And the Thousand Buddha Cliff Grotto(千佛崖石窟) and The Stele of Mingzhengjun (明征君碑) were written into the fifth batch of national key cultural site list.
Originally built in 489 AD, and Monk Lang spread his conclusion of Sanlunzong, and since then it was taken as the homeland of Sanlunzong. Emperor Wendi of Sui Dynasty built Sheli Pagoda in 83 prefectures, and ranked the pagoda of Qixia Temple the first place. In Tang Dynasty, it was named Gongde Temple with a large scale. Also it boasted one of four nationwide famous temples together with Lingyan Temple of Shandong province, Yuquan Temple of Huzhou, Zhejiang province, and Guoqing Tempel of Taizhou, Zhejiang province. In 1983, the branch campus of China Buddhist Academy was established in Qixia Temple.
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